How problems with Arteries and Veins affect Legs, Brain, and Kidney

How-problems-with-Arteries-and-Veins-affect-Legs-Brain-and-Kidney

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Hey, have you ever heard about arterial insufficiency? Yes, it is the condition that stops the blood flow in your arteries. Arteries stand as blood vessels that supply blood from your heart to other parts of the body. One major arterial insufficiency cause is atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries). It results in heart problems leg pain.

Introduction to arterial insufficiency

Arterial insufficiency is reduced blood flow through your arteries. Arteries carry blood to organs and tissues. It occurs when your arteries become blocked due to an underlying condition. In the absence of oxygen and blood flow, tissues can’t perform effectively, and they begin to die.

Its common symptoms include – chest pain, rapid breathing, inability to speak, and sudden numbness in the legs. On the same token, some of its other symptoms are – headache, weight loss, loss of appetite, high blood pressure, difficulty breathing, rapid heart rate, and a lot more.

Studies are going on arterial occlusion leg. It is serious and occurs when blood flow stops in a leg. If it is blocked completely, then the tissue stops its growth, and it is known as gangrene. Some possible treatments for arterial occlusion leg are – dissolving blood clots, angioplasty, stenting, and peripheral bypass surgery.

How do problems with arteries and veins affect legs?

How do problems with arteries and veins affect legs

Cardiovascular disease is not limited to your heart. It can affect arms, legs, feet, kidneys, or any other body part that depends on oxygenated blood for functioning. When any problem is noticed in the blood vessels, it is known as peripheral vascular disease. Take a look at different types of peripheral vascular disease –

PVD is of 2 types organic and functional. In functional PVD, the blood vessels of an individual remain risk-free. Cold temperature, drugs, emotional stress, and operating vibrating tools are some examples of functional PVD.

On the same token, tissue damage, inflammation, plaques, and other changes in blood vessel structure are involved in organic PVD. It is caused by – high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, stress, etc.

What are the symptoms of peripheral vascular insufficiency?

No medical degree is required to test vascular problems. As compared to women, its symptoms are mostly found in men. Some of its symptoms include – high blood pressure, stress, diabetes, stroke, being overweight, and a lot more.

You can treat circulation issues in the legs by changing your lifestyle. For example – by a healthy diet, regular exercise, quitting tobacco, and stress management. Furthermore, take medication, including blood pressure drugs, cholesterol medication, and drugs to prevent blood clots.

What are the warning signs of clogged arteries in the legs?

As we discussed, the artery is a kind of blood vessel that supplies blood to your legs, heart, brain, and arms. When they are healthy, they can work smoothly and vice versa. Some signs of clogged arteries in legs include –

1. Transient Ischemic attacks – 

Due to TIA, you face circulation issues in legs or arms. In addition to this, partial vision loss can also be noticed.

2. Chest pain –

Chest pain or angina indicates that your heart is not receiving a sufficient amount of blood.

3. Poor blood flow in legs –

When the arteries become clogged in your feet or legs, it results in numerous issues. Such as – pain, swelling, and poor blood flow in the legs.

4. Other symptoms –

Besides leg and feet issues, other signs of clogged arteries in legs include – difficulty breathing. You will also feel nauseated or lack of oxygen to the brain.

Various drugs are available for treating chest pain resulting from narrowed coronary arteries heart lacks oxygen. Such as – aspirin, beta-blockers, cholesterol modifying medication, calcium channel blockers, nitroglycerin, ranolazine, and a lot more.

Risk factors for heart disease caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries include –

  • Age – Your risk of narrowed arteries increases with your age.
  • Sex – Signs of narrowing arteries are mostly noticed in men.
  • Family history – The family history of heart disease is closely related to a greater risk of coronary artery disease.
  • Smoking – Signs of narrowing arteries are mostly noticed in smokers.
  • High blood pressure: It results in the thickening of arteries.
  • Unbalanced diet – Eating food that has a high amount of trans fat can result in heart problems leg pain.

A majority of times, coronary artery disease boosts frequently. Meanwhile, without any risk factors. Acc. to the researchers, some other possible risk factors are – sleep apnea, high triglycerides, alcohol use, etc.

Sleep apnea causes you to start or stop breathing while sleeping. At the same time, high triglycerides enhance the risk of coronary artery disease. Last but not least, alcohol use can damage the muscles.

Different heart disease caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries –

Numerous types of peripheral vascular disease include – 

1. Chest pain – 

Sufficient blood is not supplied to the heart when coronary arteries narrow. This will result in shortness of breath or chest pain.

2. Heart attack –

If blood clot forms, then there are increased chances of a heart attack. Moreover, it also damages the heart muscles of an individual.

3. Heart failure –

If a heart attack damages some part of your heart, it becomes weak to pump sufficient blood. This situation is treated as heart failure.

Prevention – 

For keeping your arteries healthy, don’t forget to follow a healthy lifestyle. For improving your heart health and peripheral vascular insufficiency, here are some recommendations for you.

Quit smoking, control diabetes, high blood pressure, and cholesterol, eat fruits, vegetables and reduce stress.

Final thoughts – 

Sufficient oxygen is a must for leading a healthy and happy life. If there is a lack of oxygen to the brain, then you have to face various issues. For example – chest pain and heart attack.

When coronary arteries narrow, your heart doesn’t get sufficient blood. However, it can be treatable. Currently, it is noticed that a patient can survive with 100% blocked arteries. The chest pain resulting from narrowed coronary arteries heart lacks oxygen. It can be treated by angioplasty. As compared to surgery, its long-term results are better and reliable.

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